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زرتشت - Assyrian Church of the East
راه در جهان یكی است و آن راه راستی است

Assyrian Church of the East

سه شنبه 29 مرداد 1392 18:54

نویسنده : R.ash
Babai of Persia or Mar Babai I was Patriarch of the Persian Church (Assyrian Church of the East / Nestorian Church) with headquarters in Seleucia-Ctesiphon… Babai was a convert from Iranian Zoroastrianism whose works teach monastic life mixed with ancient fables taken from Zoroastrian and other older Wisdom books… as a married Patriarch, the Sasanian Persian king Djamasp gave permission for Babai to gather a meeting in 497 during which clerical celibacy was abolished permitting the Nestorian clergy to marry…

…this is interesting indeed because it is often taught in history classes that celibacy for Latin Church priests became a rule after 11th c. but it appears from the acts of the Persian Empire regarding its priests that some celibacy rules were liberally considered before 5th c. – the movement by Babai in this regard makes sense given ancient Iranians did not view celibacy as a virtuous act…

…one may get a taste of this “battle of ideas” from the following excerpt taken from a letter from Mihrnerseh, Great Vizir of Iran and non-Iran [5th c. Sasanian Persian prime minister clearly noting his status over Iranians and non-Iranians – that is, Iranians have always known their national identity collectively as Iranians while secular in nature], to neighbors and kin Greater Armenia since some Armenians had converted from Zoroastrianism to Christianity:

“…If the Romans have ignorantly gone astray in their great folly and have been deprived of our perfect religion, they have brought their own ruin upon themselves. But why are you infatuated with their error? … Do not believe your leaders whom you call Nazarenes, for they are very deceitful. What they teach in words they do not practice in deeds. ‘To eat meat,’ they say, ‘is not a sin’; yet, they themselves do not like to eat meat. ‘It is right to marry,’ but they themselves do not wish even to look at a woman. ‘It is a great sin,’ they say, ‘to accumulate riches,’ but they praise poverty excessively. They honor misfortune and despise success…They praise death and condemn life. They dishonor the births of men and praise childlessness. And if people were to listen to them and not approach their wives, the end of the world would soon arrive…”

[pic Wikpedia: A relief from the Georgian Jvari Nestorian Monastery of 6th c. built during late Sasanian Persian era Iran is a perfect example of Iranian artistic influences in Christian depictions of Eastern Europe and the Caucasus… here, one may see a version of the “Persian Cross” (Nestorian Cross) http://orthodoxhistory.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/persian-cross-400.jpg fllanked by two angels… not only are angels Iranian in origin but artistic expressions here have their roots in Iranian art… the following links to Sasanian Persian relief Taq-e Bostan in Iran shows the flanking angels and the crescent moon motif in the middle http://www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/Images2/Sasanian/Taq_e_Bostan/Taq_Bostan_Upper_Crown.jpg; http://www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/Images2/Sasanian/Taq_e_Bostan/Taq_Bostan_Angel_Left.jpg; http://www.pbase.com/k_amj/image/88222757... for educational purposes only]


http://www.8pic.ir/images/94646577839217563769.jpg



دیدگاه ها : Comment
برچسب ها: Ctesiphon ، Iranian ، Sasanian ، history ، Zoroastrianism ، iranian Zoroastrianism ، Zoroastrian ،